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Learn About Labor Laws | Child Labor Laws

The FLSA child labor provisions are designed to protect the educational opportunities of youth and prohibit their employment in jobs and under conditions detrimental to their health or safety. The child labor provisions include some restrictions on hours of work for youth under 16 years of age and lists of hazardous occupations too dangerous for young workers to perform.

Click here for tax laws related to child labor

Basic Provisions under the FLSA:

  • Youths age 18 or older may perform any job for unlimited hours.

  • Youths age 16 and 17 may perform any job not declared hazardous by the Secretary of Labor, for unlimited hours.

  • Youths age 14 and 15 may work outside school hours in various nonmanufacturing, nonmining, nonhazardous jobs under the following conditions: no more than 3 hours on a school day, 18 hours in a school week, 8 hours on a nonschool day, or 40 hours in a nonschool week.

  • In addition, they may not begin work before 7 a.m. nor work after 7 p.m., except from June 1 through Labor Day, when evening hours are extended until 9 p.m. Youths aged 14 and 15 who are enrolled in an approved Work Experience and Career Exploration Program (WECEP) may be employed for up to 23 hours in school weeks and 3 hours on school days (including during school hours).

What is considered a "hazardous job"?

For detailed information about what jobs are deemed hazardous, contact your Wage and Hour division district office at: Miami Florida District Office US Dept. of Labor, ESA Wage & Hour Division Sunset Center 10300 Sunset Drive, Room 255 Miami, FL 33173-3038 Phone: (305) 598-6607 (305) 596-9874 Fax: (305) 279-8393 Jorge Rivero, District Director

Wages and Hours

Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, youths under 20 years of age may be paid a minimum wage of not less than $4.25 an hour during the first 90 consecutive days of employment. After that they must be paid minimum wage.

! It is against the law for an employer to displace any adult employee or reduce their hours, wages or employee benefits in order to hire someone else at the youth minimum wage. For workers over the age of 16 there is no maximum on total hours that may be worked. However, the employee must be paid overtime pay for any hours in excess of 40 in a work week.

Is your worker an "employee" under the FLSA? Fact sheet (in english):

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